Whats is Hadith ( Hadis ) ? Why is it so sacred in Islam ?

Hadith Full Details : Hadith, as per Islam, is a record of actions, statements, words approved by Prophet Muhammad. Hadith, from the Quran perspective, is a huge explanation and considered to be the backbone of Islamic civilization. It imparts the Islamic community as to how to perform their obligations including forms of salutations, kindness towards the poor, slaves, and more. Several Islamic rules have been drawn from Hadith, rather than the Quran.

hadith books
hadith books

Muslims consider the Hadith to be an important tool to understand the things specified in the Quran.

Only a few Muslims believe that Hadith records are sacred revelations. It’s believed that Hadith was not written by Muhammads’ followers post his death, but later generations procured and made these into Islamic literature. There are modern Muslims who believe that Hadith are fiction and not true as these have ambiguous statements.

Muslim clerics and jurists have classified Hadith into Sahih(authentic), Hasan(good), da’f(weak). However, hadith has been classified differently by different scholars and groups.

The term Hadith, according to the scholars of Sunni Islam, is a collection of words, advice, practices, and companions of Prophet Muhammad. Nonetheless, the Hadith, as per Shia Islam, is a combination of words, actions, and family of Muhammad.

Joseph Schacht, a British-German professor of Arabic and Islam at Columbia University, made documentation about Hadith that its oral communication obtained from Prophets’ teachings. The term Sunna suggests the existence of traditions of a particular community passed from generation to generation

Associations between Hadith and Quran


  The hadith literacy, post the death of Muhammad, is on the basis of statements in circulation. Hadith were, unlike the Quran, not written down during Muhammads’ life or not promptly after his death. Hadith were assessed and mobilized into huge collections during the 8th and 9th centuries, after the death of Muhammad. 

Some significant elements claimed to be a long list of Islamic practice and conventions are not specified in the Quran, however, are mentioned in hadiths. Muslims, therefore, maintain that hadiths are required to put in practices of proper Islam, as they are not explicitly mentioned in Quran. For instance, like mandatory prayers, this is specified in Quran but detailed in Hadith.

Complete guidance of recommending movements and terms of the prayer (called Rakat’s) and how often they are supposed to be done and more are specified in Hadith. Nonetheless, hadiths vary on these details. As a result, different hadithist Islamic sects perform salat differently. Some believe that Hadith contradicts the Quran, proving that Hadith is a source of fraud and not a compliment to the Quran.

Tafsir ibn kathir

Tafsir ibn kathir

The commentaries of the Quran or tafsir were profoundly influenced by the Hadith. The hadith were used in making the Sharia and fiqh.

The present Islamic history that exists now is on the basis of Hadith. However, it’s been challenged as it has no proof in the source material.

Hadith can be of hadith Qudsi or hadith sharif. Hadith Qudsi is also known as sacred Hadith considered to be the words of God by Muslims. Hadith Sharif or noble hadith is Muhammads’ own terms or words.

Also Check – Prophet Muhammad Complete Life Story

Hadith Features

There are two main features of Hadith. They are a text of the report and the chain of narrators. An attempt was made to document that a hadith had originally come from Muhammad, Muslim clerics believe that from the 8th century to till now have never stopped uttering the mantra “The isnad is part of the religion.” The isnad means exactly support. It’s named so as hadith specialists relied on it to identify the authenticity or loopholes of a hadith. 

The difference between the Sunni and Shia is that Shia prefers hadiths acclaimed to Muhammads’ family and his close associates, while Sunnis do not take family lineage into account in assessing hadith.

sunni and shia symbols
sunni and shia symbols

After the death of Muhammad, the customs and conventions of Muhammad have been passed on orally for over a hundred years now since 632AD.

It’s believed that Muhammad al-Bukhari had written Hadith. Muslim scholars have been questioning the authenticity of hadith literacy in the entire Islamic hisotry for many decades now.

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